Kiln-dried lumber is dried to 6-7% mc before a shot of steam is introduced to the kiln to slightly raise the moisture content and relieve stress in the lumber. Healthy lumber should come out of the kiln at 8.5-10%, depending on ambient conditions. The lumber may drop to 7% if the lumber is shipped to Phoenix or jump to 11% if shipped to Miami. Neither instance is a problem so long as the lumber has a chance to acclimate.
Rough lumber is measured in three dimensions: thickness (described in quarter-inches), width (inches) and length (feet). The fractions you see indi- cate quarters of an inch in rough thickness. So, a 4/4 board will be 1” thick; a 5/4 board will be 1.25” thick. So a 5/4 x 8 x 10 board will measure 1.25 inches thick, 8 inches wide, and 10 feet long.
Prices are calculated using Board Feet (bf), which is a measure of volume, as opposed to area (square feet) or length (lineal feet). A board foot is 1-inch thick by 12-inches wide by 1-foot long.
For example: To calculate the board feet in an Cherry 4/4 board that measures 1-inches thick by 8-inches wide by 8-feet long, the math would look like this: 1 x 8 x 8 / 12 = 5.3 board feet.
Multiply by $4.50/bf (the cost of 4/4 cherry) and the board will cost $23.85
Reclaimed beams, lumber, fence boards, become new again in flooring, countertops, mantles. This is true reuse and recycle. See our samples in the Local Wood showroom to achieve the color and texture you are seeking. Whether you envision the natural, well worn beauty of country living or sophisticated modern contrast of textures, Local Wood has the resources to make your vision come to life.
The Hardwood Grading Bureau allows for the loss of up to 1/4” of thickness when planing a board. Therefore, if you need your board to be 1” thick when it’s finished, you need to start with a 5/4 board.